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Criminal Lawyers

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Attorney Search Network - San Bernardino Lawyers works with several San Bernardino attorneys and law firms who have experience and expertise in dealing with all criminal law issues and are committed to providing the highest quality of competent legal representation. If you are looking for a qualified San Bernardino attorney, contact us today at (800) 215-1190 or fill out our “Find a San Bernardino Lawyer” form. A qualified San Bernardino lawyer may make your criminal case easier to understand as well as deal with.

Criminal Law | Felony | Misdemeanor


Criminal Law

Criminal law deals with those statutes involving crimes against the public and individuals with penalties and all the procedures connected with charging, trying, sentencing and imprisoning defendants convicted of crimes. The harm that criminal law aims to prevent varies: it may be physical harm, death, or bodily injury to human beings; the loss of or damage to property; sexual immorality; danger to the government; disturbance of the public peace and order; or injury to the public health.

Behavior that threatens to cause, but has not yet caused, a harmful result may be enough to constitute a crime. Thus, Criminal law often strives to avoid harm by forbidding conduct that may lead to harmful results.

Criminal law involves prosecution by the government of a person for an act that has been classified as a crime. Crimes are classified in many different ways: common law crimes versus statutory crimes, and crimes that are evil in themselves versus those that are criminal only because the law says so. An important classification is the division of crimes into felonies or misdemeanors. This distinction is based on the severity of the crime and is rooted in common law. Persons convicted of a crime may be incarcerated, fined, or both if the prosecution proves them guilty beyond reasonable doubt of every fact presented in the courtroom.

San Bernardino Criminal Lawyers

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Felony

A Felony is a crime carrying a minimum term of one year or more in state prison, since a year or less can be served in county jail. However, a sentence upon conviction for a felony may sometimes be less than one year at the discretion of the judge and within limits set by statute. Felonies are sometimes referred to as "high crimes" as described in the U.S. Constitution.

Misdemeanor

A Misdemeanor is a lesser crime punishable by a fine and/or county jail time for up to one year. Misdemeanors are distinguished from felonies, which can be punished by a state prison term. They are tried in the lowest local court such as municipal, police or justice courts. Typical misdemeanors include: petty theft, disturbing the peace, simple assault and battery, drunk driving without injury to others, drunkenness in public, various traffic violations, public nuisances and some crimes which can be charged either as a felony or misdemeanor depending on the circumstances and the discretion of the District Attorney.

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